Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

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Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by Mikel on Fri Oct 02, 2009 9:51 am

How do we determine if a newspaper is of general nationwide circulation? Is there a government agency from which we could ask "Certification" that such newspaper is of general nationwide circulation? Thank you very much for the assistance.

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Re: Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by engrjhez® on Fri Oct 02, 2009 2:49 pm

Mikel wrote:How do we determine if a newspaper is of general nationwide circulation? Is there a government agency from which we could ask "Certification" that such newspaper is of general nationwide circulation? Thank you very much for the assistance.

This is what I learned from some State Auditors:

A certification UNDER OATH will suffice the claim. Like for instance when the COA was looking for proofs that all procurements were posted in the GEPS as a requirement. There are no clear "watchers" on who post or who did not post their advertisements as mandated. But according to them, a certification by the BAC Secretariat that procurements (as clearly identified) are actually posted is good enough to be accepted, unless later determined that such statement is false, thus making the certifyng party liable of perjury.

The same principle must also to newspaper publishings. Just an insight.

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Re: Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by Mikel on Fri Oct 02, 2009 4:32 pm

Thank you very much engr.

Actually, the LGU i am auditing had attached a photocopy of the page containing the advertisement. What concerns me now is whether or not the same can be considered as a newspaper of general nationwide circulation. To be more specific, the newspaper is Balita, a publication of the Manila Bulletin. I have just searched the MB website and found out that it is classified such publication as 'tabloid' (as stated in the MB website).

Again, thank you for your invaluable insight.

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Re: Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by engrjhez® on Fri Oct 02, 2009 4:58 pm

Mikel wrote:Thank you very much engr.

Actually, the LGU i am auditing had attached a photocopy of the page containing the advertisement. What concerns me now is whether or not the same can be considered as a newspaper of general nationwide circulation. To be more specific, the newspaper is Balita, a publication of the Manila Bulletin. I have just searched the MB website and found out that it is classified such publication as 'tabloid' (as stated in the MB website).

Again, thank you for your invaluable insight.

If that is your doubt, I would like to clarify that the term "tabloid" simply refers to the size of newspaper. Conversely, the bigger ones are called "broadsheet". But this classification does not measure the newspaper's circulation. There are similar publications like People's Journal, People's Tonight, Pilipino Star Ngayon, and so many others that goes with nationwide circulation (there is also a profile statement of these publications on the editorial section where the editorial board are enumerated).

Kaya lang, sumama ang imahe ng "tabloid" nang lumabas ang mga sensual atpornographic tabloids. But that is already beyond the issue.

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Re: Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by sunriser431 on Fri Oct 02, 2009 5:47 pm

Mikel wrote:How do we determine if a newspaper is of general nationwide circulation? Is there a government agency from which we could ask "Certification" that such newspaper is of general nationwide circulation? Thank you very much for the assistance.

In determining whether a newspaper is a newspaper sufficient to be considered a newspaper of “general circulation” for the purposes of publication of most official notices, including legal notices, the newspaper meets the objective criteria as contained in section 21.2 of the revised IRR of RA#9184
21.2.1. xxxx
a) xxxx newspaper of general nationwide circulation which has been regularly published for at least two (2) years before the date of issue of the advertisement.
In my opinion First the publication should be available in all parts of the county (not just limited to geographic region) Second, it should be published regularly and lastly, it should be in existence for 2 years.
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Re: Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by amang'65 on Sat Oct 03, 2009 3:42 pm

sunriser431 wrote:
Mikel wrote:How do we determine if a newspaper is of general nationwide circulation? Is there a government agency from which we could ask "Certification" that such newspaper is of general nationwide circulation? Thank you very much for the assistance.

In determining whether a newspaper is a newspaper sufficient to be considered a newspaper of “general circulation” for the purposes of publication of most official notices, including legal notices, the newspaper meets the objective criteria as contained in section 21.2 of the revised IRR of RA#9184
21.2.1. xxxx
a) xxxx newspaper of general nationwide circulation which has been regularly published for at least two (2) years before the date of issue of the advertisement.
In my opinion First the publication should be available in all parts of the county (not just limited to geographic region) Second, it should be published regularly and lastly, it should be in existence for 2 years.


in addition to sunriser431's opinion, a newspaper of general nationwide circulation is a newspaper that is circulated daily (not necessarily on a daily basis) and could be read, understood by the general public - bata, matanda, babae, lalake at iba pa, a newspaper that is highly respected naman, huwag naman tayo magpublish sa mga papers na may porn papers as what engrjhez said.
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Re: Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by Mikel on Fri Oct 09, 2009 4:17 pm

Please allow me to share what I had researched regarding my query – in Perez v. Perez, GR NO. 143768, March 28, 2005, the Supreme Court, citing FMI vs. MTBC (GR No. 115068, Nov. 28, 1996), stated that -

“To be a newspaper of general circulation, it is enough that it is published for the dissemination of local news and general information; that it has a bona fide subscription list of paying subscribers; and that it is published at regular intervals. The newspaper must not also be devoted to the interests or published for the entertainment of a particular class, profession, trade, calling, race or religious denomination. The newspaper need not have the largest circulation so long as it is of general circulation.” (Emphasis mine)

Although the term defined herein is “ a newspaper of general circulation where the real property is located” (BTW, this case involves sale of foreclosed real property), I think the definition is applicable to RA 9184, by substituting the word “local” with “national”.

Please comment. Thank you very much.

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Re: Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by engrjhez® on Fri Oct 09, 2009 9:36 pm

Mikel wrote:Please allow me to share what I had researched regarding my query – in Perez v. Perez, GR NO. 143768, March 28, 2005, the Supreme Court, citing FMI vs. MTBC (GR No. 115068, Nov. 28, 1996), stated that -

“To be a newspaper of general circulation, it is enough that it is published for the dissemination of local news and general information; that it has a bona fide subscription list of paying subscribers; and that it is published at regular intervals. The newspaper must not also be devoted to the interests or published for the entertainment of a particular class, profession, trade, calling, race or religious denomination. The newspaper need not have the largest circulation so long as it is of general circulation.” (Emphasis mine)

Although the term defined herein is “ a newspaper of general circulation where the real property is located” (BTW, this case involves sale of foreclosed real property), I think the definition is applicable to RA 9184, by substituting the word “local” with “national”.

Please comment. Thank you very much.

We are missing an adjective here that is so important in the definition - NATIONWIDE. Let us read on Sec.2.2.1.a :


Advertised at least once in one (1) newspaper of general nationwide circulation which has been regularly published for at least two (2) years before the date of issue of the advertisement;


Hence the except from the jurisprudence cited above may be referred to but is not directly applicable to RA.9184. The term 'general circulation' is not actually ambiguous but rather less restrictive. Simply said, general circulation provides the definition of by itself and the 'audience criteria' that, as amang1965 correctly pointed out, applicable to children, teens, and adults alike. But when the adjective nationwide is inserted, the term narrows down to the specific definition of 'circulation'. General nationwide circulation, once used, can never pertain to any a simple "local" newspaper as the term 'local' used in the Philippine Law context pertains to political divisions such as regions, provinces, municipalities, and the barangay.

Conclusively, 'nationwide' is a categorical term which need not interpretation of its usage. If a newspaper reaches out the three (3) main islands of the Philippine Archipelago (i.e. Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao), then it could be considered of 'nationwide circulation'. Combining with the definition of 'general circulation', we should be able to understand the term better. Very Happy
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Re: Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by RDV @ GP3i on Sat Oct 10, 2009 12:06 pm

engrjhez wrote:
Mikel wrote:Please allow me to share what I had researched regarding my query – in Perez v. Perez, GR NO. 143768, March 28, 2005, the Supreme Court, citing FMI vs. MTBC (GR No. 115068, Nov. 28, 1996), stated that -

“To be a newspaper of general circulation, it is enough that it is published for the dissemination of local news and general information; that it has a bona fide subscription list of paying subscribers; and that it is published at regular intervals. The newspaper must not also be devoted to the interests or published for the entertainment of a particular class, profession, trade, calling, race or religious denomination. The newspaper need not have the largest circulation so long as it is of general circulation.” (Emphasis mine)

Although the term defined herein is “ a newspaper of general circulation where the real property is located” (BTW, this case involves sale of foreclosed real property), I think the definition is applicable to RA 9184, by substituting the word “local” with “national”.

Please comment. Thank you very much.

We are missing an adjective here that is so important in the definition - NATIONWIDE. Let us read on Sec.2.2.1.a :


Advertised at least once in one (1) newspaper of general nationwide circulation which has been regularly published for at least two (2) years before the date of issue of the advertisement;


Hence the except from the jurisprudence cited above may be referred to but is not directly applicable to RA.9184. The term 'general circulation' is not actually ambiguous but rather less restrictive. Simply said, general circulation provides the definition of by itself and the 'audience criteria' that, as amang1965 correctly pointed out, applicable to children, teens, and adults alike. But when the adjective nationwide is inserted, the term narrows down to the specific definition of 'circulation'. General nationwide circulation, once used, can never pertain to any a simple "local" newspaper as the term 'local' used in the Philippine Law context pertains to political divisions such as regions, provinces, municipalities, and the barangay.

Conclusively, 'nationwide' is a categorical term which need not interpretation of its usage. If a newspaper reaches out the three (3) main islands of the Philippine Archipelago (i.e. Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao), then it could be considered of 'nationwide circulation'. Combining with the definition of 'general circulation', we should be able to understand the term better. Very Happy

The term "general nationwide" would refer to a newspaper which appears daily in the major cities in the Philippines. Whether the newspaper is only a tabloid, not a broadsheet, it does not matter, so long as it appears daily in the major cities in Luzon, Visayas and in Mindanao. Maybe, that would be clearer.
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Re: Advertisement in a newspaper of general nationwide circulation

Post by engrjhez® on Sat Oct 10, 2009 10:41 pm

RDV wrote:
The term "general nationwide" would refer to a newspaper which appears daily in the major cities in the Philippines. Whether the newspaper is only a tabloid, not a broadsheet, it does not matter, so long as it appears daily in the major cities in Luzon, Visayas and in Mindanao. Maybe, that would be clearer.

Sorry, I got carried away, hehe. Very Happy
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